Devoted to the sun god, Makar Sankranti is the foremost big Hindu festival of 2018 in India, officially falling on January 14, a Sunday. It marks the end of the winter solstice month and the beginning of longer days. Makar Sankranti is a celebration of kites and lamps and desserts and blazes and substantially more, contingent upon where you are in India. Makar Sankranti is praised in fiercely unique routes all through the nation, more so than some other real celebration. Here’s a glance at all the manners by which Makara Sankranti is praised.
People of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh celebrate Makar Sankranti as a four-day festival called Bhogi. It marks a new beginning, constituted by the throwing away or selling of old items and buying new ones. Old materials are discarded in a massive bonfire, a symbolic representation of the god Shiva. Bhogi is the name of the first day of the festival, with Makar Sankranti on the second day. New clothes are worn and people treat themselves to sweets. On the third day, Kanuma, people feed their cattle. The final day, Mukkanuma, is celebrated with kite flying and bullock racing competitions.
In Jharkhand and Bihar, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as a two-day festival called Sakraat. Also called Khichdi, the carnival is celebrated with ceremonial baths in rivers and ponds on the first day and with sweet dishes like Tilgud and Lai and Dahi Chuda, all of which are preparations made with jaggery. The Next day is called Makraat when people prepare a special dish of dal, potatoes, peas, cauliflower and rice called khichdi.
The general population of Gujarat praise the celebration of Uttarayan, which goes on for two days. Kite flying is a major piece of festivities here, with several kites let free for the duration of the day for rivalries or just to commend the turning of seasons. The second day is called Vasi Uttarayan, when special dishes are prepared like undhiyu, a combination of sesame seeds, jaggery, peanuts and special winter vegetables.
Meanwhile, Punjab will be celebrating their festival of Lohri, starting one day before Makar Sankranti. The celebration commends the winter trim reap, especially the sugarcane, which is utilized as a part of a major route in the customs. The day after Lohri is called Maghi thought about another time of cultivating for Punjab’s huge cultivating group. The evening of Lohri itself is its most well-known custom, with an enormous campfire lit.
In Maharashtra, the festival of Makar Sankrant is one of joy and massive celebrations for three days: Bhogi, Sankrant and Kinkrant. The rituals are a mix of various regions around the big state, with plenty of kites flown and special sweets like Tilgud and new clothes and books and home appliances purchased. Makar Sankrant is celebrated in the state as a festival to mark the victory of the goddess Sankranti over the demon Sankarasur.
In the south, the state of Tamil Naadu and many parts of Kerala also celebrate Makara Sankranthi as a harvest festival called Pongal. The festival goes on for four days in Tamil Nadu and fewer days in Kerala. The rituals are very similar to Bhogi in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, including large bonfires, lit to burn old things. The most essential day is the second one, just called Pongal or Thai Pongal. On this day, a unique dish of bubbled rice, drain, jaggery and different fixings is made, called Pongal.
We now head northwards to the state of West Bengal, which will celebrate Makar Sankranti as a festival called Poush Parbon. The winter harvest festival is marked with sweets like Khejurer Gud, Maalpoa, Puli Pithe and Paatisapta, among others. The Ganga Sagar carnival also happens around this time, with millions traveling to the place where the Ganga meets the Bay of Bengal before dawn to worship the goddess Ganga and Shiva. NOW READ: Festivals and Events in India in January 2018 to Kick off a Year of Travel
In Assam, the festival of Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu is one of the most important harvest festivals of the year, marking the end of the Maagha harvest season. Bonfires are lit and feasts are prepared, with makeshift huts called Bhelaghar or Meji built from leaves and bamboo to host the feasts. The huts are then burned the next day. Special games like buffalo fighting and Tekeli Bhonga are also organized, and rice cakes called Pitha and Shunga Pitha are also prepared, along with coconut sweets called Laru.